Why, as the Gospel of Matthew declares, are the poor always with us? Hugo thought they should not be. For him, the persistence of poverty was a sign that the revolution was incomplete. Bellos quotes Hugos record of a scene he witnessed one day on his way to the Chambre des Pairs of a homeless man with bloody bandages round his ankles, staring at a beautiful woman emerging from a luxurious carriage: That man was no longer a man in my eyes but the spectre of la misere, of poverty, the misshapen and lugubrious apparition in broad daylight, in broad sunlight, of a revolution this is still deep

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